The body identity theory and the brain identity theory are both reductionist in that once you've established the relation of sameness of body or brain among body stages or brain stages (diachronic identity), there is nothing more to say about personal identity. Mind and body theory: x, who lived at an earlier time, is the same person as y, who lives at a later time if and only if x and y have the same body and y has most of x's apparent memories and y has most of x's personality. Personal identity (fall 1999) / notes / locke's memory theory locke's memory theory 5 october the main point a person is a thinking, conscious being at a moment in time to be the same person over time is to extend one's consciousness over time, such that one is conscious of past experiences much as one is conscious of present experiences. I review on impressions and ideas ii locke vs hume iii hume's view on personal identity - there is no self iv the bundle theory of self.
The way locke unravels the theory of personal identity is a slippery slope as he undermines the other evidence but that of memory (eg testimony of other people. Locke added his chapter of identity and diversity (ii27) which gives his account of identity and personal identity to the second edition of the essay his account of personal identity is embedded in a general account of identity. 1 dialogue on personal identity & immortality& immortality theories of personal identity • same soul theory: a person at one time is the very same person as a person at a later time if and only if they have the.
A theory of personal identity can be posited even if the memory criterion proves to be invalidated we see, then, that psychological continuity (not unlike bodily identity) is a. Mind-body identity theory is the idea that the mind is just a part of the physical body mind-brain identity theorists like to say that mental states are brain states, but we will see that much more than abstract states, events, properties, and laws are involved in explaining how the mind emerges from the brain. The body theory if we apply aristotle's general account of the identity of substances to persons, it follows that for a person to be the same person as an earlier person, he has. In other words, personal identity obtains when the individual, as subject to experiences, persists through time to ground the argument on actual data, parfit introduces split-brain patients split-brain patients are those whose brains lack the dominant hemisphere leaving the sub-dominant halves. Clicker question memory and personal identity the memory theory of personal identity locke asked: 03 n sists — not of soul body — but usnegs.
But if memory is a necessary condition for personal identity, locke can say that even if an immaterial substance were to inhabit another body, it would not be the same person because the person in the new body cannot remember actions performed in another body. Butler selection on identity butler aims to criticize locke's memory theory, and especially the idea that the self might be something other than a substance butler argues that whether a person is the same person over time (eg, whether one body harbors the same person over time) should be seen as a question of similitude or equality. Body theory o f personal identitythe most intuitive theorymost compatible with common senseas long as we deal with the same body we deal we deal with the same personalthough our body goes through changes we are numerically dealing with the same physical body. Personal identity deals with philosophical questions that arise about ourselves by virtue of our being people (or, as lawyers and philosophers like to say, persons)this contrasts with questions about ourselves that arise by virtue of our being living things, conscious beings, material objects, or the like. Not as fully developed as his later theory, but locke already rejects the view that personal identity consists in sameness of material particles or corporeal spirits and claims that personal identity consists in memory and knowledge of one's past.
Brain theory - that is, that identity is determined by the identity of the brain over time (which can be seen as a physicalist version of the memory theory) consider the case in which a. Start studying unit 43 locke's memory theory of personal identity learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Personal identity - memory theory vs body theory vs soul theory 1642 words | 7 pages personal identity reference: perry, dialogue on personal identity and immortality. Of the different types of personal identity the soul theory, memory theory and brain theory, i think the soul theory offers the most complete explanation we are at any given time, the sum total of our collective life experience that includes the people we have met, the situations we have lived through and the stories we have heard of through.
Parfit is concerned to address whether we really need a theory of identity to answer important questions about the self, or rather whether we can get by with something else he will argue that we can drop identity and use psychological continuity as our important and relevant theoretical concept. As saw earlier in the dialogue, it is not sufficient for personal identity on the memory theory that the memories appear real to the person who has them, we also require that they have been caused by prior experiences in the right way if they are to be correctly classified as genuine memories. Memory is merely a test of personal identity over time, not its essence 3 locke's theory is a slippery slope which will eventually totally lose the concept of personal identity. This explains why locke's theory is sometimes called the 'memory' theory of personal identity for x and y to be the same person is for them to share the same consciousness.
Blutner/philosophy of mind/mind & body/identity theory 8 type vs token identity when asking whether mental things are the same as physical things, or distinct from. He considered personal identity (or the self) to be founded on consciousness (viz memory), and not on the substance of either the soul or the body keywords: personal identity , consciousness , self , memory , survival after death.
This distinction between a person's mind and body is known as mind-body dualism and has been an influential and powerful theory in our society here's an illustration of mind and body dualism by. Some of theories about personal identity include the body theory and the memory theory, but both of these theories seem to run into intractable difficulties this leads some philosophers (parfit and velleman, for example) to suggest that there are no good solutions to the problem of the enduring self or personal identity. He thinks this theory has advantages over hers, which makes personal identity based on sameness of the body as a whole therefore, he gives the julia north case as an example therefore, he gives the julia north case as an example.